Hyperventilation Syndrome is a condition wherein minute ventilation is in excess of the metabolic demands. This results in chemical and hemodynamic changes that induce a decrease in arterial pressure of carbon dioxide.
Fundamentals of Hyperventilation Syndrome
Breathing maintains constant pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Breathing controls pressure of both these gases constant as the human metabolism requires different amounts of oxygen while producing varied volume of carbon dioxide.
Hyperventilation is a condition in which individuals exhale more than they inhale, upsetting the balance. Pulmonologists, managing the diseases and conditions related to the lungs, are entrusted with treating this condition.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Hyperventilation
Contemporary concept suggests that psychogenic dyspnea or behavioral breathlessness would be the better term to represent this condition, with hyperventilation being considered a consequence and not as the cause.
Diagnosis depends on identifying the group of symptoms and signs and ruling out other serious conditions that may cause similar symptoms. If there is any doubt about the patient’s underlying respiratory status, Arterial blood gas measurement is indicated.
Simple reassurance and explanation about how symptoms are produced by hyperventilation are normally found to be sufficient to terminate the hyperventilation syndrome episode. Diaphragmatic breathing, by slowing the respiratory rate, gives patients a distracting maneuver.
There are several medications such as benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors that have been found to be effective in reducing the severity and frequency of the episodes of hyperventilation. Beta blockers administration and stress reduction therapy are helpful too.
Significance of Pulmonology Transcription
Known as pulmonary diseases or conditions, the diseases and conditions related to the lungs require careful and constant medical attention whether they are acute or chronic. Documentation of various reports such as case history, management of disease, and follow-up is important for future reference.
The specialists, known as pulmonologists, are entrusted with managing their patients’ health as well as recording and storing these crucial medical notes. This is where the need for qualified and skilled transcription professionals is felt.
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